Underwater sound production varies within not between species in sympatric newts

Sound production is a widespread phenomenon among animals. Effective sound use for mate or species recognition requires some acoustic differentiation at an individual or species level. Several species of caudate amphibians produce underwater sounds, but information about intra- and interspecific variation in their acoustic production is missing. We examined individual, sex, and species variation in underwater sound production in adults of two sympatric newt taxa, Ichthyosaura alpestris and Lissotriton vulgaris. Individual newts produced simple low- (peak frequency = 7–8 kHz) and mid-high frequency (14–17 kHz) clicks, which greatly overlap between sexes and species.  Leer más.