U. Sinsch & C. Kirst. Ethology Ecology & Evolution pages 1-17. Initial orientation of crested newts Triturus cristatus and smooth newts Lissotriton vulgaris was measured following passive displacement to arenas placed at 12 test sites 0.213–24.2 km distant from the breeding pond. Newts were transported by car without visual and olfactory outward journey information, but had full access to local orientation clues at the release site during the night and early morning before testing. Within the area of previous migratory experience, the initial directional choice of both species was significantly directed to home. Leer más.